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Bloch Ernest

(24. 07. 1880 - 15. 07. 1959)

Bloch Ernest
Bloch Ernest


Biografia
Ernest Bloch was born in Geneva, Switzerland. His first teacher in composition was Emile Jaques-Dalcroze. At the age of sixteen he left Geneva to spend eight years studying in Brussels (under Eugene Ysaye), in Frankfurt-on-Main (under Ivan Knorr), in Munich (under Ludwig Thuille) and in Paris.
Already having composed two symphonic poems, a symphony and several songs, he returned to Geneva in 1904, where he lived until 1916. During this period, besides composing, he also gave lectures on aesthetics at the Geneva Conservatoire and conducted symphony concerts with great success at Lausanne and Neuchatel. In 1910 his opera "Macbeth" was performed at the Opera-Comique in Paris.
Upon his arrival in America in 1916 Bloch was recognized immediately. After only a few months in New York he was invited by Dr. Karl Muck of the Boston Symphony to conduct his "Trois poemes Juifs" in Boston. In May, 1917, the New York Society of the Friends of Music gave a concert devoted to his orchestral works, with Artur Bodanzky and the composer conducting.
His "Suite for Viola and Piano" won the Coolidge Prize in 1919. In 1920 he was appointed Director of the Cleveland Institute of Music, where he remained until 1925, .leaving to become Director of the San Francisco Conservatory of Music.
In 1926 he received the Musical America prize for his epic rhapsody "America" which had the distinction of being premiered simultaneously in five different American cities. In 1930 he was made beneficiary of the Rose and Jacob Stern Fund of the University of California, which enabled him for some years to devote his full time to composing. He returned to Europe, settling in Ticino, Italian Switzerland, where he composed his "Sacred Service". Later he spent short periods in Paris, New York, and finally settled in the hamlet of Chatel in the HauteSavoie, France.
The Second World War affected him deeply and, for a while, he did not compose. Having returned to America, he conducted many concerts and finally, in 1939, went to the West Coast where he settled for his last years at Agate Beach, Oregon.
From there he went for a number of summers to the University of California at Berkeley to give Master courses and lectures. In 1952 he was made Professor Emeritus of Music of that university.
During these last years he was the recipient of several honorary degrees.
He was also awarded the first Gold Medal in Music by the American Academy of Arts and Letters (1947). In the same year he received the New York Music. Critics Circle Award for his "String Quartet No.2". Another New York Music Critics Circle Award was given him in 1953 for his "Concerto Grosso No.2" and his "String Quartet No.3". In 1956 he received the National Jewish Welfare Board's Frank L. Weil Award, and in 1959 the Brandeis Creative Arts Award.
In 1957 Bloch was told he 'had an incurable illness and should submit to immediate surgery. Bloch's choice was first to return home and complete compositions which he had begun. But in 1958 he had to accept the operation. The Fine Arts Commission of the city of Portland, Oregon, gave him a Special Award during his convalescence. Ten months later, he died.
The impact of his prodigious intellect, his vitality, enthusiasm, and his respectful and conscientious approach to the works of great masters left an indelible impression on all his students, among whom are several noted American composers of tOday. He was a member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters and of the Accademia di Santa Cecilia of Rome.


Elenco delle opere
Sonate für Violoncello und Klavier (1897)
1. Allegro appassionato - 2. Adagio espressivo
Manuscritto
Symphony in C sharp minor (1901-1902)
for orchestra (4,3,3,3 - 4,4,3,2 - timp, perc, hrp(2), pno - str)
Durata: 50' 00"
Leuckart
Pasingerstrasse 38a
82152 Planegg
Deutschland
Tel. +49 89 8599944
Fax +49 898993323
thomi-berg@t-online.de
www.thomi-berg.de
Hiver - Printemps (1904)
Two Symphonic Poems
for orchestra (3,3,2,2 - 4,2,3,1 - timp, perc, hrp - str)
Durata: 13' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
Historiettes au crépuscule (1904)
for mezzo-soprano and piano
Testo: Camille Mauclair
Légende
Les Fleurs
Rondo
Complainte
Durata: 10' 00"
Editions Durand-Salabert-Eschig
5, rue du Helder
F-75009 Paris
Frankreich
www.salabert.fr
Poèmes d'automne (1906)
for mezzo-soprano and orchestra (2,3,2,2 4,2,3,1 - timp, perc, hrp - str)
Testo: Beatrix Rodes
La Vagabonde
Le Déclin
L'Abri
Invocation
Durata: 21' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
Poèmes d'automne (1906)
for mezzo-soprano and piano
La Vagabonde
Le Déclin
L'Abri
Invocation
Durata: 21' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
Macbeth (1904-1909)
Lyric Drama after Shakespeare in 9 Scenes
Prologue and three acts.

Orchestra: 3,3,3,3 - 4,3,3,1 - timp, perc, hrp - strings.
Edizioni Suvini Zerboni
Galleria del Corso 4
I-20122 Milano
Macbeth (1904-1909)
Interludes of First and Third Acts
for orchestra (3,3,3,3 - 4,3,3,1 - timp, perc, hrp - str)
Durata: 12' 00"
Edizioni Suvini Zerboni
Galleria del Corso 4
I-20122 Milano
Trois poèmes juifs (1913)
for orchestra (3,3,2,3 - 4,3,3,1 - timp, perc, hrp, cel - str)
Durata: 22' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
Prelude and Two Psalms (1912-1914)
Psalms 137 and 114
for soprano and orchestra (4,4,4,4 - 6,4,3,1 - timp, perc, hrp(2), el - str)
Durata: 12' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
Psalm 22 (1914)
for baritone (or alto) and orchestra (4,4,4,4 - 6,4,3,1 - timp, perc, hrp(2), cel - str)
Durata: 7' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
Psalm 22 (1914)
for baritone (or alto) and piano
Durata: 7' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
Adonai, Elohim (1912-1916)
for 5 solo voices (2S, 2A, B) and piano
Testo: Ernest Bloch
From the last movement of the "Israel" Symphony.
Durata: 11' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
Israel (1912-1916)
Symphony
for 2 sopranos, 2 altos, bass and orchestra (4,4,4,4 - 6,4,3,1 - timp, perc, hrp(2), cel - str)
Testo: Ernest Bloch
Durata: 24' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
Schelomo (1915-1916)
Hebrew Rhapsody
for violoncello and piano
Durata: 18' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
Schelomo (1915-1916)
Hebrew Rhapsody
for violoncello and orchestra (3,3,3,3 - 4,3,3,1 - timp, perc, hrps(2), cel - str)
Durata: 18' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
String Quartet No. 1 (1916)
Durata: 50' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
Suite (1919-1920)
for viola and orchestra (3,3,3,3 - 4,3,3,1 - timp, perc, hrp(2), cel, glsp - str)
Durata: 32' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
Suite (1919-1920)
for viola and piano
Durata: 32' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
Sonata No. 1 (1920)
for violin and piano
Durata: 30' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
Poems of the Sea (1922)
for orchestra (3,3,3,3 - 4,3,3,1 - timp, perc, hrp, cel - str)
Waves
Chantey
At Sea
Durata: 11' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
Poems of the Sea (1922)
for piano
Waves
Chantey
At Sea
Durata: 11' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
In the Night (1922)
for orchestra (2,3,3,3 - 4,3,3,1 - timp, hrp, cel, glsp - str)
Durata: 6' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
In the Night (1922)
for piano
Durata: 6' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
Six Posthumous Piano Pieces (1914-1923)
Ex-Voto (1914)
Four Circus Pieces (1922)
Danse Sacrée (1923)
Broude Brothers
56 West 45th Street
New York
USA
Quintet No. 1 (1921-1923)
for piano and strings
Durata: 32' 00"
Carl Fischer
62 Cooper Square
New York
USA
Enfantines (1923)
Ten Pieces
for piano
Durata: 12' 00"
Carl Fischer
62 Cooper Square
New York
USA
Five Sketches in Sepia (1923)
for piano
Durata: 19' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
Nirvana (1923)
for piano
Durata: 6' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
Baal Shem (1923)
Three Pictures of Chassidic Life
for violin and piano
Vidui
Nigun
Simchas Torah
Durata: 12' 00"
Carl Fischer
62 Cooper Square
New York
USA
Baal Shem Suite (1923/39)
Three Pictures of Chassidic Live
for violin and orchestra (2,2,2,2 - 4,3,0,0 - timp, perc, hrp, cel - str)
Vidui
Nigun
Simchas Torah
Durata: 12' 00"
Carl Fischer
62 Cooper Square
New York
USA
Nuit exotique (1924)
for violin and piano
Durata: 6' 00"
Carl Fischer
62 Cooper Square
New York
USA
Sonata No. 2 (1924)
Poème mystique
for violin and piano
Durata: 20' 00"
Leuckart
Pasingerstrasse 38a
82152 Planegg
Deutschland
Tel. +49 89 8599944
Fax +49 898993323
thomi-berg@t-online.de
www.thomi-berg.de
Three Nocturnes (1924)
for violin, violoncello and piano
Durata: 7' 00"
Carl Fischer
62 Cooper Square
New York
USA
From Jewish Life (1924)
Three Sketches
for violoncello and piano
Prayer
Supplication
Jewish Song
Durata: 7' 00"
Carl Fischer
62 Cooper Square
New York
USA
Méditation hébraïque (1924)
for violoncello and piano
Durata: 5' 00"
Carl Fischer
62 Cooper Square
New York
USA
Concerto grosso No. 1 (1924-1925)
for string orchestra with piano obbligato
Durata: 22' 00"
Summy-Birchard
1834 Ridge Avenue
Evanston / Illinois
USA
In the Mountains (1925)
for string quartet
Dusk
Rustic Dance
Durata: 5' 00"
Carl Fischer
62 Cooper Square
New York
USA
Prelude (1925)
Recueillement
for organ
Arranged by Ch. H. Marsh.
Durata: 3' 00"
Carl Fischer
62 Cooper Square
New York
USA
Night (1925)
for string quartet
Durata: 2' 00"
Carl Fischer
62 Cooper Square
New York
USA
Paysages (1925)
for string quartet
Durata: 6' 00"
Carl Fischer
62 Cooper Square
New York
USA
Prelude (1925)
Recueillement
for string quartet
Durata: 3' 00"
Carl Fischer
62 Cooper Square
New York
USA
Four Episodes (1926)
for chamber orchestra (1,1,1,1 - 1,0,0,0 - pno - str)
Durata: 14' 00"
Summy-Birchard
1834 Ridge Avenue
Evanston / Illinois
USA
America (1926)
Epic Rhapsody
for chorus and orchestra (3,3,3,3 - 4,3,3,1 - timp, perc, hrp(2), cel, org ad lib - str)
Testo: Ernest Bloch
Durata: 42' 00"
Summy-Birchard
1834 Ridge Avenue
Evanston / Illinois
USA
Anthem of America (1926-1928)
for mixed voices (or unisono or female or male chorus)
Testo: Ernest Bloch
From the epic rhapsody "America".
Durata: 1' 30"
Summy-Birchard
1834 Ridge Avenue
Evanston / Illinois
USA
Helvetia (1929)
Symphonic Fresco
for orchestra (4,4,4,4 - 6,4,3,1 - timp, perc, hrp(2), cel - str)
Durata: 23' 00"
American Music Edition
250 West 57th Street
New York
USA
Abodah (1929)
for violin and piano
Durata: 5' 00"
Carl Fischer
62 Cooper Square
New York
USA
Melody (1929)
for violin and piano
Durata: 5' 00"
Carl Fischer
62 Cooper Square
New York
USA
Avodath Hakodesh (1930-1933)
Sacred Service
for baritone, mixed chorus and orchestra (3,3,3,3 - 4,3,3,1 - timp, perc, hrp(2), cel - str)
Testo: David Stevens
Durata: 45' 00"
Broude Brothers
56 West 45th Street
New York
USA
Silent Devotion and Response (1930-1933)
for chorus and piano
From "Avodath Hakodesh".
Durata: 2' 30"
Broude Brothers
56 West 45th Street
New York
USA
Piano Sonata (1935)
Durata: 22' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
Voice in the Wilderness (1936)
Symphonic Poem
for orchestra (3,3,3,3 - 4,3,3,1 - timp, perc, hrp(2), cel - str) and violoncello obbligato
Durata: 25' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
Voice in the Wilderness (1936)
Symphonic Poem
for violoncello and piano
Durata: 25' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
Visions and Prophesies (1936)
for piano
From "Voice in the Wilderness".
Durata: 15' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
Evocations (1937)
Symphonis Suite
for orchestra (3,2,2,2 4,2,3,1 - timp, perc, hrp, cel, pno - str)
Durata: 17' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
Evocations (1937)
for two pianos
Durata: 16' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
Concerto (1937-1938)
for violin and orchestra (2,1,3,3 - 4,3,3,1 - timp, perc, hrp, cel - str)
Durata: 35' 00"
Boosey & Hawkes
London
Suite symphonique (1944)
for orchestra (3,3,3,3, - 4,3,3,1 - timp, perc - str)
Durata: 20' 00"
Boosey & Hawkes
London
String Quartet No. 2 (1945)
Durata: 33' 00"
Boosey & Hawkes
London
Concerto Symphonique (1947-1948)
for piano and orchestra (3,3,3,3 - 4,3,3,1 - timp, perc, cel - str)
Durata: 38' 00"
Boosey & Hawkes
London
Concerto Symphonique (1947-1948)
for two pianos
Durata: 38' 00"
Boosey & Hawkes
London
Concertino (1948)
for flute, viola and piano
Durata: 8' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
Concertino (1948)
for flute, viola and string orchestra
Durata: 8' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
Scherzo fantasque (1948)
for piano and orchestra (3,3,3,3 - 4,3,3,1 - timp, perc, hrp - str)
Durata: 9' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
Scherzo fantasque (1948)
for two pianos
Durata: 9' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
Six Organ Preludes (1949)
Durata: 12' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
Two Pieces (1938-1950)
for string quartet
Durata: 8' 00"
Mills Music Co
1619 Broadway
New York
USA
Four Wedding Marches (1950)
for organ
Durata: 14' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
Two Pieces (1951)
for viola and piano
Meditation
Processional
Durata: 6' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
Suite hébraïque (1951)
for viola (or violin) and orchestra (2,2,2,2 - 4,3,0,0 - timp, perc, hrp - str)
Rapsodie
Processional
Affirmation
Durata: 12' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
Suite hébraïque (1951)
for viola (or violin) and piano
Rapsodie
Processional
Affirmation
Durata: 12' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
Concerto grosso No. 2 (1952)
for string orchestra
Durata: 19' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
In Memoriam (1952)
for organ
Arranged by Suzanne Bloch.
Durata: 3' 30"
Carl Fischer
62 Cooper Square
New York
USA
In Memoriam (1952)
for orchestra (2,2,2,2 - 3,0,0,0 - timp - str)
Durata: 3' 30"
Broude Brothers
56 West 45th Street
New York
USA
String Quartet No. 3 (1952)
Durata: 23' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
Sinfonia Breve (1952)
for orchestra (3,3,3,3 - 4,3,3,1 - timp, perc, hrp - str)
Durata: 18' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
String Quartet No. 4 (1953)
Durata: 26' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
Symphony (1954)
for trombone (or violoncello) and orchestra (3,3,3,3 - 4,3,3,1 - timp, perc, hrp, cel - str)
Durata: 17' 00"
Broude Brothers
56 West 45th Street
New York
USA
Symphony in E flat major (1954-1955)
for orchestra (3,3,3,3 - 4,3,3,1 - timp, perc - str)
Durata: 24' 00"
G. Schirmer
257 Park Av S 20th floor
10010 New York
USA
Proclamation (1955)
for trumpet and piano
Durata: 6' 00"
Broude Brothers
56 West 45th Street
New York
USA
Proclamation (1955)
for trumpet and orchestra (2,2,2,2 - 4,2,0,0 - timp, perc - str)
Durata: 6' 00"
Broude Brothers
56 West 45th Street
New York
USA
Suite modale (1956)
for flute and strings
Durata: 12' 00"
Broude Brothers
56 West 45th Street
New York
USA
Suite modale (1956)
for flute and piano
Durata: 12' 00"
Broude Brothers
56 West 45th Street
New York
USA
String Quartet No. 5 (1956)
Durata: 30' 00"
Broude Brothers
56 West 45th Street
New York
USA
Suite No. 1 (1956)
for violoncello solo
Durata: 10' 30"
Broude Brothers
56 West 45th Street
New York
USA
Suite No. 2 (1956)
for violoncello solo
Durata: 16' 00"
Broude Brothers
56 West 45th Street
New York
USA
Suite No. 3 (1957)
for violoncello solo
Durata: 11' 00"
Broude Brothers
56 West 45th Street
New York
USA
Quintet No. 2 (1957)
for piano and strings
Durata: 20' 00"
Bote & Bock
Lützowufer 26
D-10787 Berlin
Deutschland
Tel. +49 30 2500130
Fax +49 30 25001399
musikverlag@boosey.com
www.boosey.com
Two Last Poems (1958)
(Maybe...)
for flute and piano
Durata: 13' 00"
Broude Brothers
56 West 45th Street
New York
USA
Two Last Poems (1958)
(Maybe...)
for flute and orchestra (2,3,2,2 - 4,2,0,0 - timp, perc, hrp - str)
Durata: 13' 00"
Broude Brothers
56 West 45th Street
New York
USA
Suite No. 1 (1958)
for violin solo
Durata: 10' 00"
Broude Brothers
56 West 45th Street
New York
USA
Suite No. 2 (1958)
for violin solo
Durata: 10' 30"
Broude Brothers
56 West 45th Street
New York
USA
Suite (1958)
for viola solo
Durata: 8' 00"
Broude Brothers
56 West 45th Street
New York
USA
Diskographie
Mein blaues Klavier. Schweizer Lieder (Musiques Suisses Nr. MGB CD 6265, 2010)
Werke:
Burkhard, Willy: Sieben Lieder, op. 4 (1922-1924)
Burkhard, Willy: Sechs Lieder, op. 5 (1923-1925)
Burkhard, Willy: Zehn Lieder, op. 25 (1930)
Ringger, Rolf Urs: 5 Morgenstern-Lieder (1954)
Bloch, Ernest: Historiettes au crépuscule (1904)
Mit weiteren Werken von: Leo Nadelmann, Friedrich Hegar
Info: www.fonoteca.ch
Symphonically Swiss (Musica Helvetica Nr. MH 86.2)
Werke:
Brun, Fritz: Zweite Symphonie, B-Dur (1911)
Veress, Sándor: 4 Transsylvanische Tänze (1944-1949)
Bloch, Ernest: Symphony (1954)
Info: www.fonoteca.ch
Bibliografia
Kusher, David Z.: Ernest Bloch - A Guide to Research, Garland, New York & London 1988
Bloch, Suzanne (et al.): Ernest Bloch - Creative Spirit, Jewish Music Council, New York 1976
Appia, Edmond: Hommage à Ernest Bloch, in: Schweizer Musikzeitung 10 (1959)
Reich, Willy: Zum Tode von Ernest Bloch, in: Schweizer Musikzeitung 9 (1959)
Walter, Franz: Ernest Bloch musicien suisse?, in: Schweizer Musikzeitung 9 (1959)